Element of the month – Anisotropic dysprosium

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Mar 26, 2019
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This month in his ‘in your element’ piece (subscription required) Dante Gatteschi from the University of Florence and the European Institute of Molecular Magnetism describes dysprosium in the same way as love was in La Traviata: “croce e delizia” (a curse and a blessing).

Compounds of rare-earth metals are so similar to each other that it was very tricky to separate, isolate, and identify new rare-earth elements. But Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran persevered, and when he finally isolated element 66 from its oxide through a time-consuming and multi-step separation he also came up with a most suitable name — from the Greek dys, ‘hard’ and prositos, ‘to get at’. Despite much subsequent research, including in Luigi Rolla’s lab in Florence, dysprosium remained hard to isolate in pure form until the 1950s, when ion exchange techniques came along to facilitate things.

Their diffuse 4f orbitals are mainly responsible for the properties of rare-earth elements — in particular, in some cases, compounds can show magnetic anisotropy. This is an intriguing property that continues to impart dysprosium with some exotic applications. An alloy of dysprosium with iron and terbium will, for example, change size in a varying magnetic field.

Read the article to get a first-hand account on how Dante Gatteschi and his group — some 60 years after Florence had seen much research on rare-earth separations — investigated these magnetic properties to find surprising bulk magnet and single-molecule magnet species. No delizia without croce though, because this story does involve quantum mechanical studies to try and understand these electronic and magnetic behaviours…

Anne

Anne Pichon (Associate Editor, Nature Chemistry)


Go to the profile of Anne Pichon

Anne Pichon

Senior Editor, Nature Chemistry, Springer Nature

Anne received a broad training in chemistry at the National Graduate School of Chemistry in Montpellier, France. She then focused on inorganic and supramolecular chemistry and obtained her MPhil and PhD degrees from the Queen's University Belfast, UK, investigating porous coordination polymers for host–guest applications. After an internship with Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, Anne moved to John Wiley and Sons in 2007 as an assistant editor of the Society of Chemical Industry journals. She joined Nature Chemistry in October 2008, and was initially based in Tokyo where she also worked on other publishing projects with Nature Asia-Pacific. In April 2013, Anne relocated to the London office and now works full time on the journal.

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